Alabama State Electric Bike Laws

Alabama State Electric Bike Laws

How does Alabama state define what an electric bike is?

Alabama designates three classes of electric bicycles:

Class 1: Bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the electric bicycle reaches 20 mph.

Class 2: Bicycle equipped with a throttle-actuated motor, that ceases to provide assistance when the electric bicycle reaches 20 mph. 

Class 3: Bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the electric bicycle reaches 28 mph. 

Do you need a license, insurance or registration in Alabama?

Electric bicycles are not subject to the registration, licensing, or insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles.

What are the restrictions on Motor power or throttle in Alabama?

There are no restrictions on motor power of throttle in the state of Alabama. 

Are there any age restrictions to riding an electric bike in Alabama?

Persons under 16 years of age may not operate a Class 3 electric bicycle but they may ride as a passenger

What are the laws around helmets in Alabama?

All riders and operators of a Class 3 electric bicycle must wear a helmet. Anyone under the age of 16 on an electric bicycle or traditional bicycle must wear a helmet

What are the rules for riding on the road in Alabama? 

Electric bicycles are regulated like bicycles. The same rules of the road apply to both electric bicycles and human-powered bicycles

Additional notes: 

Electric bicycles are allowed on bicycle or multi-use paths. However,  local governments have the authority to restrict the use of electric  bicycles on paths. When in doubt, check with your town, city, or county for local rules and regulations.

Disclaimer:

Laws and policies can change at any time rendering the above information outdated and non-applicable. EVELO strongly encourages checking with City, County, State and other local agencies for the most recent laws governing the proper, legal use of electric bicycles in your area.

Source:

http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/default.aspx

https://www.dmv.org/al-alabama/other-types.php