New Jersey State Electric Bike Laws

New Jersey State Electric Bike Laws

How does New Jersey define what an electric bike is?

The state of New Jersey (NJ) defines an electric bike as a pedal bicycle with a helper motor that is less than 750W and can attain a speed of no more than 25mph on flat ground. An electric bike has a maximum displacement of less than 50 cc and no more than 1.5 brake horsepower.

Do you need a license, insurance or registration in New Jersey?

The state of New Jersey does require licensing or registration of electric bicycles. If you're issued a basic or motorcycle license when you reach age 17, you must turn in your MOPED license. 

What are the restrictions on Motor power or throttle in New Jersey?

An electric bike has a maximum displacement of less than 50 cc and no more than 1.5 brake horsepower.

Are there any age restrictions to riding an electric bike in New Jersey?

To be able to drive an electric bike you must be at least 15 years old.

What are the laws around helmets in New Jersey?

Helmets are required for all riders.

What are the rules for riding on the road in New Jersey?

Electric bicycles may be ridden on roadways in New Jersey by state law. Electric bikes may be ridden on bicycle paths and sidewalks, but must yield to all pedestrian traffic.

Electric bikes must be ridden on the right side of the road. 

E-bikes are not allowed on Interstate highways, four-lane highways divided by a grass or concrete median; highways with a speed limit over 50 mph; railroads or rights-of-way of operating railroads; any public lands prohibited by a governing body; and sidewalks.

Additional Notes: 

New Jersey State law also requires your electric bike to have:

  • A white front headlamp and red rear taillight capable of being seen under normal conditions from at least 500 feet. These lights must be used between sunset and sunrise, or anytime bad weather makes it hard to see up to 500 feet.
  • A bell or horn (but not a siren or whistle) that can be heard 100 feet away.
  • Enough braking power to make the wheels skid on dry, clean, level pavement.
  • The headlight must be on during time of operation without exception.


Laws and policies can change at any time rendering the above information outdated and non-applicable. EVELO strongly encourages checking with City, County, State and other local agencies for the most recent laws governing the proper, legal use of electric bicycles in your area.


New Jersey Bike and Pedestrian