Minnesota State Electric Bike Laws

Minnesota State Electric Bike Laws

How does Minnesota define what an electric bike is?

Electric bicycles are regulated like bicycles. The same rules of the road apply to both electric bicycles and human-powered bicycles. 

Minnesota designates three classes of electric bicycles:

Class 1: Bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the electric bicycle reaches 20 mph.

Class 2: Bicycle equipped with a throttle-actuated motor, that ceases to provide assistance when the electric bicycle reaches 20 mph.

Class 3: Bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the electric bicycle reaches 28 mph.

All classes of electric bicycles may ride on a bicycle path or shared use path where bicycles are permitted. Local governments have the authority to restrict the use electric bicycles on a bicycle path, bicycle trail or shared use path. When in doubt, check with your town, city, or county for local rules and regulations. 

Do you need a license, insurance or registration in Minnesota?

Electric bicycles are not subject to the registration, licensing, or insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles.

What are the restrictions on Motor power or throttle in Minnesota?

The state of Minnesota determines that ebikes must have a motor of less than 1000w.

Are there any age restrictions to riding an electric bike in Minnesota?

No person under the age of 15 years can operate an electric bike. 

What are the laws around helmets in Minnesota?

Minnesota does require helmets for electric bikes.

What are the rules for riding on the road in Minnesota?

Electric bikes maybe used on road shoulders, bicycle trails, bicycle paths and in bicycle lanes.

What are the rules for riding on the trails in Minnesota?

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources allow Class 1 and 2 electric bicycles wherever traditional bicycles are allowed. 

Local governments have the authority to restrict the use electric bicycles on a bicycle path, bicycle trail or shared use path. When in doubt, check with your town, city, or county for local rules and regulations.

Disclaimer:

Laws and policies can change at any time rendering the above information outdated and non-applicable. EVELO strongly encourages checking with City, County, State and other local agencies for the most recent laws governing the proper, legal use of electric bicycles in your area.

Source:

Minnesota DOT Bike and Pedestrian Safety
Minnesota Safety Council
Bicycle Alliance of Minnesota