Maryland State Electric Bike Laws

Maryland State Electric Bike Laws

How does Maryland define what an electric bike is?

The state of Maryland (MD) defines electric bikes as a bicycle with fully operational pedals, a motor of not more than 750W and a maximum speed of 28mph on flat surfaces. Electric bike motors must be design to disengage at 28mph. Electric bikes are classified as:

  • Class 1: eBikes equipped with a pedal-assist only motor which stops when the bike reaches 20 mph.
  • Class 2: Electric bikes equipped with a motor that may be used exclusively to propel the bicycle and stop when the bike reaches the speed of 20 mph.
  • Class 3: Electric bicycles equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and stops when the rider stops pedaling or when the bicycle reaches the speed of 28 mph.

Do you need a license, insurance or registration in Maryland?

The state of Maryland does not have any licensing or registration requirements for electric bikes.

What are the restrictions on Motor power or throttle in Maryland?

The state of Maryland does not have licensing and registration requirements for electric bikes.

Are there any age restrictions in Maryland?

No person under the age of 16 years can operate a class 3 electric bike, unless they are riding as a passenger.

What are the laws around helmets in Maryland?

Any person operating and motorized devices, including electric bikes, must be wearing a helmet.

What are the rules for riding on the road in Maryland?

Electric bikes may ride on roadways where allowed by the Maryland Transportation Authority. Electric bike riders must yield to pedestrians and roadway traffic. A Class 3 electric bicycle may not be operated on a bicycle path unless:

  • The bicycle path is within or adjacent to a highway right–of–way; or
  • Allowed by a local authority or State agency with jurisdiction over the bicycle path.


Laws and policies can change at any time rendering the above information outdated and non-applicable. EVELO strongly encourages checking with City, County, State and other local agencies for the most recent laws governing the proper, legal use of electric bicycles in your area.


Maryland Department of Transportation 
Maryland Transportation Code