Maine State Electric Bike Laws

Maine State Electric Bike Laws

How does Maine define what an electric bike is?

The state of Maine (ME) defines electric bikes as a bicycle with fully operational pedals, a motor of not more than 750W and a maximum speed of 20mph on flat surfaces. Electric bikes must be equipped with a white front light and red taillight that can be seen at least 500 feet in each direction. Electric bikes are classified as:

  • Class 1: eBikes equipped with a pedal-assist only motor which stops when the bike reaches 20 mph.
  • Class 2: Electric bikes equipped with a motor that may be used exclusively to propel the bicycle and stop when the bike reaches the speed of 20 mph.
  • Class 3: Electric bicycles equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and stops when the rider stops pedaling or when the bicycle reaches the speed of 28 mph.

Do you need a license, insurance or registration in Maine?

The state of Maine does not have any licensing or registration requirements for electric bikes.

What are the restrictions on Motor power or throttle in Maine?

The state of Maine determines that e-bikes must have a motor of less than 750w.

Are there any age restrictions to riding an electric bike in Maine?

A person under 16 years of age may not operate a Class 2 or Class 3 electric bicycle, only as a passenger if the e-bike can accommodate one.  

What are the laws around helmets in Maine?

A person under 16 must wear a helmet. 

What are the rules for riding on the road in Maine?

Electric bikes may ride on any paths where traditional bicycles are allowed. Riding on the sidewalk is prohibited. When riding on the roadways, riders must stay as far right as is practical and adhere to all road rules.

What are the rules for riding on the trails in Maine?

A Class 1 or a Class 2 electric bicycle can ride in any place where bicycles are permitted to travel, including, but not limited to, bicycle paths. A Class 3 electric bicycle may not be operated on a bicycle path. An electric bicycle may not be operated on a bicycle path designated for non-motorized traffic if significant portions of the bicycle path have a natural surface. 

Disclaimer:

Laws and policies can change at any time rendering the above information outdated and non-applicable. EVELO strongly encourages checking with City, County, State and other local agencies for the most recent laws governing the proper, legal use of electric bicycles in your area.

Source:

Maine State Legislature